How do I get and install Python?

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This tutorial is about to get and Install Python. Regardless of your operating system, you can download Python from the Python Software Foundation (PSF). Grab the version specific to your OS and processor (32 or 64-bit).

Before install python, first you need to know What is Python? Refer the link below to know

WHAT IS PYTHON? THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE CODE WITH PYTHON

Python is available on a wide variety of platforms including Linux and Mac OS X. Let’s understand how to set up our Python environment.

Local Environment Setup

Open a terminal window and type “python” to find out if it is already installed and which version is installed.

  • Unix (Solaris, Linux, FreeBSD, AIX, HP/UX, SunOS, IRIX, etc.)
  • Win 9x/NT/2000
  • Macintosh (Intel, PPC, 68K)
  • OS/2
  • DOS (multiple versions)
  • PalmOS
  • Nokia mobile phones
  • Windows CE
  • Acorn/RISC OS
  • BeOS
  • Amiga
  • VMS/OpenVMS
  • QNX
  • VxWorks
  • Psion
  • Python has also been ported to the Java and .NET virtual machines

Getting Python

The most up-to-date and current source code, binaries, documentation, news, etc., is available on the official website of Python

You can download Python documentation from here. The documentation is available in HTML, PDF, and PostScript formats.

OS-specific instructions to install python:

Python distribution is available for a wide variety of platforms. You need to download only the binary code applicable for your platform and install Python.

If the binary code for your platform is not available, you need a C compiler to compile the source code manually. Compiling the source code offers more flexibility in terms of choice of features that you require in your installation.

Here is a quick overview of installing Python on various platforms −

Macintosh Installation

Recent Macs come with Python installed, but it may be several years out of date. Click here for instructions on getting the current version along with extra tools to support development on the Mac. For older Mac OS’s before Mac OS X 10.3 (released in 2003), MacPython is available.

Jack Jansen maintains MacPython and you can have full access to the entire documentation at his website. Here can find complete installation details for Mac OS installation.

Unix and Linux Installation

Python is included on various flavors of Linux. Be sure to upgrade to the latest version using the package manager, if necessary and if it is not pre-installed, here are the simple steps to install Python on Unix/Linux machine.

  • Open a Web browser and go to https://www.python.org/downloads/.
  • Follow the link to download zipped source code available for Unix/Linux.
  • Download and extract files.
  • Editing the Modules/Setup file if you want to customize some options.
  • run ./configure script
  • make
  • make install

This installs Python at standard location /usr/local/bin and its libraries at /usr/local/lib/pythonXX where XX is the version of Python.

Windows Installation
  • Windows: Download Python direct from the PSF.
  • Run the downloaded file. This brings up the Python install wizard, which is really easy to use. Just accept the default settings, wait until the install is finished, and you are done.
How do I get and install Python Windows
Windows users: Make sure you select the option to add Python to your system path during the installation process: (From the drop-down select the option, “Will be installed on local hard drive”.)

Setting up PATH

Programs and other executable files can be in many directories, so operating systems provide a search path that lists the directories that the OS searches for executables. The path is stored in an environment variable, which is a named string maintained by the operating system. This variable contains information available to the command shell and other programs.

The path variable is named as PATH in Unix or Path in Windows (Unix is case sensitive; Windows is not). In Mac OS, the installer handles the path details. To invoke the Python interpreter from any particular directory, you must add the Python directory to your path.

Setting path at Unix/Linux

To add the Python directory to the path for a particular session in Unix −

  • In the csh shell − type setenv PATH “$PATH:/usr/local/bin/python” and press Enter.
  • In the bash shell (Linux) − type export ATH=”$PATH:/usr/local/bin/python” and press Enter.
  • In the sh or ksh shell − type PATH=”$PATH:/usr/local/bin/python” and press Enter.
  • Note − /usr/local/bin/python is the path of the Python directory
Setting path at Windows

To add the Python directory to the path for a particular session in Windows −

  • At the command prompt − type path %path%;C:\Python and press Enter.
  • Note − C:\Python is the path of the Python directory

Confirming the Python Install

Let’s do a quick sanity check to ensure Python installed correctly.

Open the Python Interactive Shell:

  • Mac: Open your terminal and run: python or python3, depending upon your installation.
  • Linux: Open your terminal and run: python
  • Windows: If you have only one version of Python installed simply run python. If you have both Python 2.7 and Python 3 installed, run python for Python 2.7 and/or py -3 for Python 3.

Windows users: Ensure that your account has administrative privileges: Run the command prompt at an elevated level by right-clicking the command prompt icon, and then selecting ‘Run as Administrator’.

The interactive Python Shell should open, and your command prompt or terminal window should look similar to this:

Python 3.4.1 (v3.4.1:c0e311e010fc, May 18 2014, 00:54:21)
[GCC 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5666) (dot 3)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>>

While you’re here, you might as well run your first line of code…

Python 2:

>>> print "Python is fun!"

Python 3:

>>> print("Python is fun!")

If you’re running Python 2.x, the print command is a statement rather than a function in Python 3.x.

You should see:

Python is fun!

And that’s it: You’ve just written your first Python program! Each time you entered a line, Python immediately executed the statement, displaying the value between the quotes.

Once done, you can use exit() to leave the Python Shell. Or:

  • Mac and Linux users: Ctrl-D plus Return
  • Windows users: Ctrl-Z plus Return

Keep your terminal or command prompt open. We still have more to do! Let’s continue using the Shell as we run through the Python primitives.

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Pardeep Patel
Pardeep Patel

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Basics of Python