In this example, you will learn to swap two variables by using a temporary variable and, without using temporary variable.

To understand this example, you should have the knowledge of following Python programming topics:

- WHAT IS PYTHON? THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE CODE WITH PYTHON
- HOW DO I GET AND INSTALL PYTHON?
- PYTHON PRIMITIVES – VARIABLES, BUILT-IN DATA TYPES, COMMENTS, SYNTAX, AND SEMANTICS
- CODING APPROACHES IN PYTHON
- STYLE GUIDE FOR PROGRAMMING PYTHON CODE
- ERRORS AND EXCEPTIONS IN PYTHON

#### Source Code: Using temporary variable

# Python program to swap two variables # To take input from the user # x = input('Enter value of x: ') # y = input('Enter value of y: ') x = 5 y = 10 # create a temporary variable and swap the values temp = x x = y y = temp print('The value of x after swapping: {}'.format(x)) print('The value of y after swapping: {}'.format(y))

##### Output

**The value of x after swapping: 10**

**The value of y after swapping: 5**

In this program, we use the temp variable to temporarily hold the value of x. We then put the value of y in x and later temp in y. In this way, the values get exchanged.

**Source Code: Without Using Temporary Variable**

In python programming, there is a simple construct to swap variables. The following code does the same as above but without the use of any temporary variable.

x,y = y,x

If the variables are both numbers, we can use arithmetic operations to do the same. It might not look intuitive at the first sight. But if you think about it, its pretty easy to figure it out.Here are a few example

**Addition and Subtraction**

x = x + y

y = x – y

x = x – y

**Multiplication and Division**

x = x * y

y = x / y

x = x / y

**XOR swap**

**This algorithm works for integers only**

x = x ^ y

y = x ^ y

x = x ^ y